Alumni benefits: What to expect when rehired

Companies rehire alumni employees because it is beneficial in multi-faceted ways.  Cost savings occur in orientation savings and reduced hours spent on training and recruiting overhead.  Some large corporations have created ‘alumni’ recruiting websites to keep up with ex-employees and use their connections. They use ex-employees’ continued loyalty to the corporation to recruit new hires or rehire employees who may now have valuable new skill sets or experience.  This benefits not only the company, but also the rehire. For example, a seamless benefits reinstatement – if the alumnus has been gone for only a short period.

Savings for HR results in a reduced need for background checks. The alumni employee has already been researched. Or, the time period between termination and rehire was so short a new background check is duplicative. There may be no referrals to call because the alumni’s tenure with the company speaks for itself.  Fewer man-hours are spent on a recruiter’s full-life-cycle of tasks normally required.

The cost of training is minimized, unless the alumnus has missed major changes to policies, markets, products or services.  Many rehires can simply pick up where they were.  Unless the alumnus is placed in a new job or department, there is no need to re-train them on most corporate policies or techniques.  The IT department minimizes overhead costs by reactivating e-mail addresses, access to servers or employee portal, or previous permissions for tasking.

When alumni employees return, whether for an old job or a different position (new department or geographic area), initial expectations may be everything will be the status quo.  If the rehire has been gone more than a month, changes may have occurred as part of a company’s cost-cutting and streamlining, of which the alumni needs to be aware before they sign the re-hire offer of employment.  It is vital Human Resources (HR) or the rehiring manager communicate changes, expectations, and any variation of benefits to the rehire, either during the final interview for a rehire, or within the rehire offer letter.

Offer letters have an annual salary noted, but many companies don’t detail benefits, except to note entitlements to benefits provided to all full-time (and/or designated benefits for part-time) workers.  If there has been an open enrollment period, then co-payments, premium costs, co-payments, or provided benefits may have changed and need to be communicated. Rehired employees usually slip through the communication cracks in the HR department, so alumni has the onus to inquire.

If the employee has been absent for less than 30 days, the employer might be able to re-instate the alumnus or ‘make whole’ without a lot of paperwork.  The insurance vendor might not yet have been notified the employee has left.  If the employee has been gone for over 30 days and enrolled for COBRA, they should have received information about changes in the benefits coverage. If there is no break in insurance, there should be 100% coverage when they re-convert the employee back to the same plan. If the rehire did not elect COBRA benefits and there is a gap of coverage over 30 days, they will be considered a new employee and will most likely have to make elections as a new hire.  This might be to the benefit of the rehire if they don’t have to worry about pre-existing conditions, but may result in a waiting period if there are pre-existing conditions not covered by the recent health care act.

Rehired alumni may be able to negotiate a higher baseline salary; but the company could offer the same salary because they are still struggling. If an alumnus is offered a lower salary, they should remind the employer the cost of a rehire will be drastically reduced compared to a new hire, based on less orientation, retraining, and background checks needed by a recruiter.  This provides a modicum of power to negotiate a higher salary or reinstatement to the status quo.

The employer may wish to consider offering stock options and vesting stock. They may not be able to offer a higher salary, but may have the ability to future incentives via investment. The stock may eventually exceed the ‘lost’ value of the higher or status quo salary.  The alumni takes the gamble the company’s worth will increase when the economy gets better, there is a gain in sales for a new product or service, or even a back-burner R&D project starts to produce. The bet might even revolve around the alumnus’ ability to increase sales.

Employees expect vacation (Paid Time Off [PTO]) and possibly sick leave (if separate from PTO accrual) as part of their benefits rehire package. Employees absent for a short-term period will want their accrual rate reinstated – especially if it was at a higher rate than new hires.  Employees earning three, four, or five weeks of vacation annually will want that reinstated (or grandfathered).  This should be discussed in the final interview, and written into the offer of rehire, so there is no misinterpretation.  If the company is struggling financially, or the alumnus has been gone for several years, HR may insist the rehire restart the PTO accrual rate from the baseline.

Employees love extra benefits offered by employers such as tuition reimbursement or training cost reimbursement.  The company may have tenure restrictions for these benefits, so the alumnus needs to ask for any restrictions to be lifted as part of the rehire offer.  This will ‘make whole’ benefits attained before the employee left.

Many rehired employees have the capacity to negotiate from a point of strength with employers who wish to rehire them.  Smart job seekers can regain benefits, higher salaries, and other tenured perks, if the company has the financial capacity.  No company is legally obligated to provide the grandfathering of benefits, privileges, or perks. But offering these in small or incremental amounts could be a deciding factor to hiring back a special skills or unique employee that can give the company an edge against the competition.  Alumnus should get everything negotiated in the final interview for an offer of (rehire) employment letter so there is no misunderstanding once onboard.

Dawn Boyer is the owner of D. Boyer Consulting (, a human resources consulting firm for small business and 8(a) government contracting companies.  She can be reached at



Creating a roadmap for hiring new employees = success!

When you own a small business, seeking, identifying, and hiring new employees can be a daunting task.  What questions need to be asked in an interview? What questions might create a lawsuit liability for the company?  What types of records should be kept for the job candidate search to satisfy government agencies?  These questions stymie some business owners simply because they don’t know the answers, don’t have time to look them up, and can’t afford to hire a subject matter expert.

Draw up a road map for the hiring process for the business that becomes a reference policy for hiring actions to avoid mistakes that might cost money and valuable time.  This provides a checklist for action, bullets for task completion, and ensures a fair hiring process for applicants, as well as the company, which helps avoid legal problems.

The first bullet on the hiring plan is to write a job description – not in excruciating detail, but with broad task descriptions, including: 1) expected days and hours of work, 2) required responsibilities performed through a normal workday, 3) physical demands for sitting, computer work, lifting, and 4) to whom to report (supervisor’s title) and whom might report to them. This job description should be provided to every applicant before any interview, allowing them to read and determine continued interest or if they are physically capable of performing the job tasks.

The second bullet is to establish a ‘letterhead’ application form for all job applicants – regardless of what job, when they apply, or whether they are going to be interviewed.  This application provides the company a documented basis upon which to make decisions to interview, allows a peek at past employers, job skills, experience, and education or training.  The application should be completed before the interview regardless of whether a resume is submitted.  The application should be note legal conditions informing the applicant of their and the company’s legal rights, with a section for the applicant’s signature indicating understanding and accepting the legal conditions.

The third bullet is to develop a list of questions for the interview to be asked of every applicant who has reached candidate status based on qualifications.  This fairly ensures no extraneous non-work related questions will be asked. It keeps the interview on a timely schedule and targets only the pertinent KSA information needed to make a hiring decision.  Asking about family size or children, political or religious affiliations, age-related questions, sexual orientation, or ethnic heritage are illegal. Those answers have nothing to do with an applicants’ ability to perform a job in most cases. (If answers are required for the position, the company must be prepared to legally defend the reasoning behind the required information and explain those reasons to the interviewing candidate.)  Hiring managers may ask a candidate if there is anything which would physically keep them from performing the job, and if yes, what accommodations would be needed.  This enables applicants to explain any visible or invisible disabilities, but should not be used as an excuse not to hire if they can perform the job.  If they are the most qualified candidate, handicaps or disabilities should be ignored unless an accommodation is unreasonably cost prohibitive.

It is vital the company keeps a record of all applicants who submit interest via a resume or completed applications coupled with the job description the applicants have considered.  Each of the applications should be kept in a file folder for each job description advertised (if not in an electronic automated tracking system) for review and reporting if the DOL or other government agencies audits the company and its hiring practices. This protects the company by documenting fair hiring practices and protects the company from potential liability issues if applicants make unfair hiring claims against the company.  Any interview notes or questions asked of applicants in an interview should be stapled to the candidate’s application for documentation in the job posting file.

The last to-do on the list is establishing an offer letter. Many businesses have a template ready to complete with the job candidate’s information to make an offer of employment on letterhead stationery.  The offer should include the candidate’s contact information, address, job title, salary offer, hours/days of work, supervisor’s name and number, and other helpful company data, as well as a deadline for the candidate’s response.  If the candidate does not respond within ‘X’ days, the company can legally move forward to the next qualified candidate.  The offer of employment letter should also note the company will perform calls to referrals provided, as well as a background check (if company policy).  It should state any negative commentary from the background check provides the business the legal right to withdraw the offer of employment letter without negative consequences to either party.  When candidates sign the letter and return it, they are providing the legal authority for the company to perform background and reference checks.

Keeping a hiring roadmap on hand keep the process in alignment with company needs and simplifies tasks to be completed.  Documenting each step along the way assists in avoiding potential legal entanglements.  A hiring checklist will enable any hiring manager to easily process applicants, move the qualified job seekers to candidate status, and hire new employees within legal guidelines for a smooth transition.

Dawn Boyer is the owner of D. Boyer Consulting (, a human resources consulting firm for small business and 8(a) government contracting companies.  She can be reached at

Human Resources – What’s In Your Company’s Personnel Files?


What’s in your company’s personnel files?

Small business owners who are finally successful enough to start hiring employees are wading into unfamiliar territory when they start the process of hiring, on-boarding, and keeping records of the employee’s tenure with the company, as well as records of disciplinary actions and terminations.  Not keeping the records is providing a ripe arena of liability for the company.  Without liability business insurance, the DOL, EEOC, and other government agencies can swoop in based on employee charges and complaints, and make the owners of the company suffer financial hardships, based on fines, fees, punitive damages, and awards to the employees bringing charges.

As much as managers hate ‘forms’ Human Resources seems to be so fond of, in reality, those forms saves the company hundreds or thousands of dollars in liability costs for employee accusations of unfairness or other legally-based complaints. Many companies are going to computerized record-keeping, with only the minimum of hard copy documents kept in a slim personnel file locked away in a limited-access storage room.  Online recruiting records (job posting, candidates listing, records of numbers of hire), to on-boarding processes of personal information records and benefits sign-ups, to specialized evaluation software, training and development modules or classes, and termination processes are streamlining the entire human asset management process.

Some companies no longer keep electronic records in company servers (to avoid employee’s hacking into the files), but use SaaS (software as a service) programs on the Internet (cloud computing) with specialized security and firewall protection.

What should be in a personnel file or kept as legal employee records – from the mailroom clerk and front desk receptionist up to the CEO?  Below is a list of recommended documents to keep within personnel file folders.

  1. Employee’s application for employment and originally submitted resume.
  2. Signed offer of employment, salary/wage information, employment contracts
  3. Background check results, letters of recommendations, confirmation of education
  4. Signed non-compete, non-disclosure, and company policy acknowledgements
  5. Employment records, tax forms (W-4’s), and payroll deduction authorizations
  6. Signed policy agreements (Code of Conduct, Receipt of Employee Handbook)
  7. Testing results (for hire, promotions, transfers)
  8. Training & development (external/internal), safety training, tuition reimbursement
  9. Time sheets, time-off requests, vacation, attendance reports
  10. Evaluation, performance reviews, and disciplinary actions (each with no less than two manager’s signatures)
  11. Resignation and termination documentation, including exit interviews

Some documents need to be kept out of personnel files – and kept in separate ‘lock-and-key’ locations.  Records relative to I-9’s or E-Verify should be kept in a separate file or binder only human resources have access to for review (and should be audited annually). Below is a list of items to be kept in limited access with even tighter control.

  1. Medical or benefits information, drug-test results, doctor’s notes, etc.
  2. Insurance claims, FMLA, OSHA, or workers’ comp claims
  3. Security or investigative records, complaints, or reports
  4. Personal finance records or personal references and credit reports
  5. Accommodation information for Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requests

The workload for creating, maintaining, and updating these records may be physically impossible to keep up with by a trusted internal staff member. An option is to hire a trusted external human resource consultant to audit company records. They can either make recommendations or professionally organize the company records.  While not 100% fail-safe, it’ll be an excellent investment for ensuring the business avoids costly record-keeping based, legal liabilities.

Dawn Boyer is the owner of D. Boyer Consulting (, a human resources consulting firm for small business and 8(a) government contracting companies.  She can be reached at

Job Search – Career Question – Test or Audition Task Valid?

Dear Career Coach,

I am interviewing for a corporate marketing job, and have been offered a job (I think), but was asked to do “consulting” marketing feasibility study on a property as an “audition.”

The interviewing company has also asked me to give a four-week notice at my current job.

I am not even sure what to charge…what do I do?


I’d take this as a test for the credibility of job offer and let the company know there need to be some understandings in place before you do the consulting study as a test / audition:

They want to see if you are savvy enough to know what a consulting job entails.  This is a test to see if you are mature and experienced enough to know there are business standards, agreements to be put into place, and understandings clearly spelled out.

You want to provide them with the best job possible, but at the same time you don’t want to waste hours of your personal time on this ‘audition’ without any compensation for your time, so you would prefer to put some caveat’s in place before you start working.

If it is for a real task the company needs doing (and would have their staff or another external consultant complete otherwise), if you do NOT get the job you will be compensated for the work completed as if you were a W-2 contractor employee, paid via a 1099.  Agree upon a fee per hour for the study and the number of hours – minimum and maximum – for which you’ll perform the work. Otherwise – as appealing as the job is, you are concerned the company is using this as an non-ethical way of getting work completed for them without having to pay for it, and you would have reservations and concerns about working for any company where this is standard behavior for their workforce recruiting methodologies.  You need to get paid for your personal time regardless of whether the completed work is exactly what they were looking for or not (if a restaurant cooks a meal and serves it – you still have to pay for it – whether you were wild about it or the meal was ‘so-so’).

The acceptable standard for providing job resignation notices is two weeks. Given that your current employer might potentially terminate you for exploring new job opportunities (if they get wind), you respectfully wish to offer your current company a two-week notice, upon receipt, signature, and return of your acknowledgement for a written job offer from the testing company.  Ask them if you were let go from your current company, would there be the opportunity to immediately start work versus waiting out the two weeks.   Otherwise, you cannot comfortably give notice to your current employer until the written job offer is in your hand. The written job offer gives you two safety nets: 1) a job you can start on a set date, or 2) written conformation of the offer if they withdraw it, so you can take them to court for damages incurred if you have given up your current job and can’t find another job for weeks (or months) and have a loss of income or are not eligible for unemployment benefits.

If the ‘testing’ company can understand your dilemma, and agree to those caveats, then I wouldn’t have any issues with the assignment. BUT, get everything in writing. Get them to sign a contract for the ‘audition’ so you can take them to court for the wages if they don’t like the project and decide not to pay for your time.  They may back out of the whole deal – but that’s a chance you have to take if you really want the job and it is an ethical offer.

What to charge for your test ‘consulting’ fees per hour?  That’s not an easy to answer question.  It all depends upon the industry, the type of task, the type of work you have to complete to get the task completed, and how much personal time you must invest to complete the project.  Specialized consultants charge between $100 to $250 an hour, while generalized consultants may only charge $50 to $150 an hour.  You can accept minimum wages if you wish – but do get paid for the work, regardless.

Good luck!

Dawn Boyer, Small Business HR, Career Advisor, and LinkedIn Social Media Coach

D. Boyer Consulting, 5428 Whitehurst Arch, Va. Beach, VA  23464 /

Follow me on Twitter: @Dawn_Boyer / Blog:

Build your consultancy; earn referral fees:

Dawn Boyer is a doctoral student at Old Dominion University in the Darden College of Education, working on her PhD in Occupational Studies and Technology), as well as working as a (Doctoral) Graduate Teaching Assistant teaching computer science and technology to undergraduate students. Ms. Boyer has over 20 years of senior management experience in human resources, of which nine years is in the defense-contracting arena. She also provides HR consulting services via D. Boyer Consulting to small businesses, including dynamically growing 8(a) set-aside defense companies, in the Hampton Roads, Virginia area.

Are attending job fairs still useful in this electronic age of resume posting? (Part 3)

Are attending job fairs still useful in this electronic age of resume posting? (Part 3)

Part 1 imparted knowledge about why employers attend job fairs; Part 2 related what to do productively at a job fair, and this article will tell you what to do after you leave.

I noted several actions one should perform at a job fair in Part 2 of this series, including some advice after the job fair.  These follow-up actions will give you tools and advantages above all the other job seekers who won’t know these secret tips and tricks.  These tips are good regardless of whether you attend a job fair locally or drive to another state to attend a huge or broadly advertised event.  The tips I noted are listed below with an explanation of the why you should do the next step(s).

Ask for names within the company; and if you know anyone in the company – ask about them, their health, how you can get in touch with them.

  • Start searching the Internet and social network sites like LinkedIn before the job fair to see if you can find a name of a person working in the company and their department – use that name to ask if “John Doe” has any jobs in their department requiring your capabilities that hasn’t been posted.
  • If you get a name from the job fair rep, perform a Boolean search on the Internet (and LinkedIn) for that direct contact in human resources, recruiting, or other departments to contact directly to forward a resume.
  • If the POC other than HR gets a resume, and pushes it to a recruiter, there is a higher likelihood the person will forward it to HR, which may be perceived as a referral – especially if the company provides referral bonuses.

Get a business card from everyone in the room

  • Your job at a job fair is to find point of contacts (POC’s) – so pick up a card at every table.
  • Once you get those business cards, mail your resume and a cover letter to each employer POC via snail mail, thanking them for the opportunity to discuss their company and potential job openings.
  • They won’t remember you, but that’s okay – they have your hard copy resume and cover letter in hand now, and they may be nice enough to look at it for further consideration.
  • Since they have an extra printed copy now, and you noted in the cover letter you have already posted to the company’s online job site, they may be inclined to forward the package via inter-office mail to a hiring manager who may have an interest in your capabilities

Research every company by picking up company information you will need later

  • Option 1: This is one of the richest sources of finding POC information within a company – there may be a name for a CEO, VP, or program manager or addresses for work sites, where you can send notes and resumes directly.
  • Option 2: Send polite thank you notes the professionalism of the job fair rep and you wanted the executive to be aware. The executives may show the job fair rep the note. Of course the rep will want to look your profile up in the recruiting system to see who said that nice thing about them – boom, you and your credentials are now under their noses and they are reading your resume.

Talk to other attendees – if someone notes they are leaving XYZ company – there’s going to be a job opening soon

  • Some job seekers are looking to move upward to higher career levels.  If you are waiting in a job fair line, start up a friendly conversation with the next person – Are they leaving a company? Is their contract ending? Where did they work before?  Who did they work for (“…I think I remember someone who used to work for XYZ – what is your bosses’ name…”)? You might hit a gold-mine – if a  program assistant is now looking for a program manager job because they need to move on and make more money – and now you know the name of the company and what supervisor to send your resume to. That employer will need to fill a job quickly.

For more related articles by this author:

Why attend a Job Fair? (Part 1) –

Why attend a Job Fair? (Part 2) –

Why attend a Job Fair? (Part 3) –

How many types of resumes should one have? –

Dawn Boyer, Small Business Human Resources Consultant, Career Analyst, and LinkedIn Social Media Coach

D. Boyer Consulting, Va. Beach, VA  23464


Follow me on Twitter: @Dawn_Boyer


Are attending job fairs still useful in this electronic age of resume posting? (part 1)

You may subscribe to these Career Articles by going to the and signing up for notification of new articles by this author or subscribing to the RSS feed.  Examiner Career Coach:

Are attending job fairs still useful in this electronic age of resume posting? (Part 1)

There are many mixed feelings about whether job fairs are a ‘waste of time’ for the employers or the job seekers nowadays.  Job fairs are getting quite expensive for companies to attend and set up a booth, they are still attending to look for qualified job candidates for open positions.  Job seekers attend and get the impression there wasn’t anything in it for them.  There are still advantages for both parties.  I’ll break this down to two parts – one will list the employer’s and the second will list the job seeker’s advantages.

Why do employers still attend job fairs in this electronic technology age? Most companies now have online resume ATS (automated tracking systems) for recruiting efforts to handle the deluge of job applicants for every job posted.  These electronic resume databases assist recruiters in finding the best applicant for an open position based on key skill words and queries they perform on those key words. But they still attend job fairs for several reasons:

  • The employer is desperate to fill a position ‘yesterday’ and has loaded its guns with several managers to find a candidate and interview them immediately (meaning some employers might not be on a attending list, but get in last minute)
  • Employers wish to get their list of job openings virally marketed. Hard-copy lists do get circulated by job fair attendees to their friends, family, peers, and co-workers
  • Branding the company, get their name ‘out there,’ become recognizable to future job applicants when the time comes to solicit their resumes and recruit for positions
  • To give attendees an idea of the type of people who work for the companies, to get warm fuzzies from those attending the job fair and visiting the company booth
  • Recruiting for affirmative action applicants to balance out deltas in AAP staffing and to document and prove the company has made efforts in recruiting those candidates
  • To ‘resume farm’ for potential job openings in the future, even if they are not open or posted now, to encourage today’s job seekers to load resumes into the online system for future consideration
  • To ‘peek’ at other companies in the same business arena (industrial spying ‘lite’) to see what jobs are open or for which they are ‘resume farming’
  • Employers may have already paid for the job fair booth months ago, and they don’t want to waste money they can’t get refunded (sometimes employers don’t bother showing up if it costs more to fly in a recruiter with no jobs to fill)
  • Human resources departments schedule a minimum number of recruiting activities annually, and job fairs may be on the list for currently funded events (and they want to get out of the office occasionally)

Many job seekers are stymied employers no longer accept hard-copy resumes – especially those in the defense contracting industry.  There is a relatively new law enforced by the OFCCP, EEOC, and DOL agencies driving this decision. Any hard copy resume accepted (in a job fair) is a ‘considered for hire’ candidate, whether qualified for the job or not, and thus EEOC information must be recorded and documented.  What does this mean to the process?  Companies circumvent the time-consuming, manual recording of candidate information by forcing job seekers to apply online where the information is automated, self-reported, provide easier to compile reports, and unqualified candidates can easily be disqualified in the system with a toggle of a button.

Stayed tuned for Part 2 in the next article:

How many types of resumes should one have?

Dawn Boyer, Small Business HR, Career, and LinkedIn Social Media Coach

D. Boyer Consulting, 5428 Whitehurst Arch, Va. Beach, VA  23464 / Cell: (757) 404-8300

Follow me on Twitter: @Dawn_Boyer


Dawn Boyer is a doctoral student at Old Dominion University in the Darden College of Education, working on her PhD in Occupational Studies and Technology), as well as working as a (Doctoral) Graduate Teaching Assistant teaching computer science and technology to undergraduate students. Ms. Boyer has over 20 years of senior management experience in human resources, of which nine years is in the defense-contracting arena. She also provides HR consulting services via D. Boyer Consulting to small businesses, including dynamically growing 8(a) set-aside defense companies, in the Hampton Roads, Virginia area. Her LinkedIn profile is: She accepts all LinkedIn invites via: Join her 4,600+ connections!  Follow her on Twitter: @Dawn_Boyer.  Read her blogs at

Copy Machines a Threat to YOUR Identity…be forewarned

View this URL with the following video clip – this will give you chills up and down your spine!

If you do business with ANY entity which leases or purchases these advanced copier machines, ask them if they use the machines to copy any information that is private to you?

  • Medical or Health Provider offices (including hospitals!)
  • Human Resources offices with payroll information or Benefits information
  • Government offices which processes business or private information

If they do – forward this information to them – for awareness!

You can be doing all you can to keep your identity private, but once these machines get into the hands of folks who know how to download the (free) software to read the documents in the hard drive’s memory, they will have access to thousands upon thousands of documents with all types of your private information on them!